Convivència democràtica

Monday, August 15, 2005

HENRY BERGSON (1859-1941) Conviv�ncia democr�tica

Conviv�ncia democr�tica

Henry Bergson, a French philosopher who was awaeded the NOBEL PRIZE in 1927.

Bergson aegued that the intuition is deeper yhan the intellect. His 'Creative Evolution' (1907) and 'Matter and Memory' (1896) attenmpted to integrate the findings of biological science with a theory of conciouness.

Bergson's work was considered the main challenge to the mechanistic view of nature. He is sometimes claimed to have anticipated feature of relativity theory and modern scientific theories of the mind.

In "An Introduction to the Metaphisycs" (1903), Bergson saw that the intuition -the direct aprehension of process-, as the discoverer of truth-intuition, not analysis, reveals the real world.

Sometimes, intuition in Bergson referred to getting bright ideas, sometimes it was the method of philosophy like intellect is of mathematics. His concept of "Élan vital" , "Creative impulse" or "living energy" was developped in his work 'Creative Evolution', his most famous book.

It is an immaterial force, whose existence cannot be scientifically verified, but it provides the vital impulse that continuously shapes all life. Bergson questioned the Darwinist theories that evolution occurs in great leaps or alternatively through the gradual accumulation of slight mutations, and explained by 'élan vital' the creative course of evolution.

In 1914, all Bergson's writings, but especially 'Creative Evolution', were placed upon the list of books devout Catholics were forbidden to read.

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